Around 30 years ago, there were 11 chemical fertiliser plants in Romania producing about 2.5 million tonnes per year, almost half of which were exported. The plants consumed 3 billion cubic metres of gas per year. Currently, there are only two plants and they consume more than they produce. According to the Agrointeligenta publication, Romania has become an importer of fertilisers. The mark-up is quite small as up to 80% of the costs are dictated by gas prices. The chemical fertiliser industry is affected strongly on one hand by the fluctuation of gas costs and on the other hand by the fluctuation of the price of the finished product. However, if seven of the plants which have ceased to operate were back on the market, they would generate over 10 000 jobs, GDP would increase by EUR 1 billion and Romania would no longer have to import fertilisers. Given the advantages of proximity to resources and immediate access to the market, Romania’s agricultural fertiliser industry could be revitalised.
What tools does the Commission have at its disposal to support the revitalisation of the agricultural fertiliser industry?