Romania is currently importing garlic from China to the detriment of domestic produce, owing to the lower price in the internal market. Investigators from Romania’s National Anti-Corruption Directorate (DNA) have discovered that garlic from China has been evading the corresponding duty, while some large importers have created fictitious financial circuits to avoid paying the VAT due when marketing food products acquired in the intra-community area on the domestic market.
Studies carried out by US authorities have shown that the pesticides used on garlic crops in China include two substances that are extremely damaging for human health: parathion and phorate. Parathion is banned in the European Union, and in the US 100 farmers have died from parathion poisoning.
It is difficult to monitor the pesticides used on garlic crops from China since the garlic bulbs arrive in the country without their roots, and experts report that laboratory analyses to establish what products have been used to treat them cannot be performed without the roots.
What instruments does the Commission have at its disposal to guarantee that garlic can be monitored from the country of production to the importing country, and to check what products have been used to treat it?